What is Dyslexia?

The British Dyslexia Association (BDA) Management has adopted the Rose (2009) definition of dyslexia and defines the condition as:

Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent reading and spelling.

Characteristic features of dyslexia are

  • difficulties in phonological awareness: the the ability to process the sound system of language relating to reading
  • verbal memory: the storage of speech-based information
  • verbal processing speed: how quickly language can be retrieved and articulated

Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities.

It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, and there are no clear cut-off points.

Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of

  • language
  • motor co-ordination
  • mental calculation
  • concentration
  • personal organisation

but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia.

A good indication of the severity and persistence of dyslexic difficulties can be gained by examining how the individual responds or has responded to well-founded intervention.

In addition to these characteristics The British Dyslexia Association (BDA) acknowledges:

  • visual and auditory processing difficulties that some individuals with dyslexia can experience: difficulties understanding and reacting to visual and auditory information

and points out that dyslexic readers can show a combination of abilities and difficulties that affect the learning process.

Some also have strengths in other areas, such as

  • design
  • problem solving
  • creative skills
  • interactive skills
  • oral skills

(BDA, 2010).

https://www.bdadyslexia.org.uk/news/definition-of-dyslexia, accessed on 11/08/2022

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